Politicians must accept that climate change requires long-term perspectives in policy-making - longer than political mandates.
They need to be pro-active in policy-making on climate risks, anticipating future trends over the next 100 years. Reactive policy-making in response to extreme climate events is not a sustainable approach, given that climate change is causing gradual changes in average climatic conditions, as well as changes in extreme events (such as floods, heat waves and droughts). Politicians must ensure cross-departmental working on climate adaptation and where appropriate, they need to promote legislation on climate adaptation in spatial planning. They must take account of climate change policies when considering individual planning applications.